March 22, 2023
joe liemandt school austin
After a decade of steady gain, even oil and real estate are once again showing signs of health. What if my customer links his new Sun workstations to an HP OfficeJet printer-fax-copier, rather than to an HP LaserJet printer? Billionaire Beat: Trilogy Tycoon Joe Liemandt Builds Software Empire from Behind the Scenes January 14, 2021 Twenty-five years after landing on Forbes' Class of 1996 as the youngest self-made millionaire on The 400, Joe Liemandt is still content with keeping a low profile, even as Austin, Texas, grows around him. Twenty-five years after landing on Forbes Class of 1996 as the youngest self-made millionaire on The 400, Joe Liemandt is still content with keeping a low profile, even as Austin, Texas, grows around him. The more senior and highly paid managers at Crossover are increasingly trying to find workers who will not object to the idea of work units. Further complicating things, different pieces of a manufacturer's equipment might not work well when hooked up to a customer's existing equipment, an unpleasantness often discovered only after the order had been delivered. joe liemandt school austin. when were redskin lollies first made. ." Bill Gates waited 11 years to take Microsoft public, and staying private allowed Gates to weather radical changes in the early software industry without having to worry about quarterly earnings dips. Weve seen a bounce back, says Keith Phillips of the Federal Reserve Bank in San Antonio. ESW Capital has purchased more than 100 small U.S. software companies with a strategy of moving their workforce to foreign freelance workers. He dropped out of Stanford to start Trilogy Software. By Kristen Cabrera & Jackie Ibarra March 3, 2023 11:09 am Food & Drink , Texas Standard Original Joe Liemandt earned his fortune by founding Trilogy Software company and investment firm ESW Capital, which focuses on acquiring software companies. On the other hand, the states fortunes more closely mimic those of the nation now; Texas used to be relatively immune to national recessions, but thats not true anymore. Liemandtand his sidekicks realize that the configuration software business is too good to be ignored by competitors. China Aims For Its Gross Domestic Product To Expand Around 5% In 2023, Todays Wordle #624 Hint, Clues And Answer For Sunday, March 5th, UFC 285 Results: Cody Garbrandt Defeats Trevin Jones In Return To The Octagon, The Early Returns Of Kevin Durant In The Phoenix Suns Offense, Desperate Russian Forces Are Sticking 80-Year-Old Naval Guns On 70-Year-Old Armored Tractors, Saturday, March 4. View Joe Liemandt results including current phone number, address, relatives, background check report, and property record with Whitepages. The software knows which parts go together and how much they cost. Partly to be closer to his parents,Liemandtmoved Trilogy, now a 13-person enterprise, to Austin, Tex. Joe Liemandt, chairman and CEO of Trilogy, along with members of the company's senior management team must decide whether Trilogy University, the company's internal training program for new college recruits and other recently hired employees, supported or detracted from the company's new objectives. Most of the new construction is taking place along the Dallas North Tollway and in suburbs like Plano and Frisco: To get to Southfork Ranch today, TV oil baron J. R. Ewing would have to drive his Mercedes through a canyon of new skyscrapers. Use the CB Insights Platform to explore Joe Liemandt's full profile. Rule-based programming consists of a series of if/then constructions if the Hewlett-Packard salesperson changes the printer in the package she's selling, then the system needs a different kind of cable. In the past, Joseph has also been known as Joseph Anthony Liemandt, Joseph A Liemandt, Joesph A Liemandt and Joe Liemandt. At these old-school restaurants in Texas, 'you feel like it's an extension of your home' Joe's Bakery in Austin has been named a James Beard America's Classics winner for 2023. Is It Time To Ban AI Chatbots From Using Social Media? As of August 2021, his net worth is estimated at US$3 billion. Current address for Joe is 311 Bowie Str, Austin, TX 78703. The earlier he goes public, the more equity he will have to give up. He would use constraint-based equations to impose some order on the rule-based programming approach DEC was pursuing. He was the youngest. According to Trilogy, the typical U.S. manufacturing company spends 2% of its gross revenuers to rectify human errors and miscalculations in the configuration process. In 1989, Liemandt left during his senior year at Stanford. Companies. Adaptive Learning at Alpha To start, I want to share some of the things I like most about Alpha. European software powers SAP of Germany ($ 1.9 billion sales) and Baan of the Netherlands ($ 216 million) have established themselves in automating back-office operations, as had Oracle Corp. Now all three companies have started to make forays into sales automation. Theres An App for That. The surge of high tech has also coincided with an upswing in all parts of the economy, making the prosperity of people like Liemandt emblematic of the prosperity of Texas as a whole. 2023 Forbes Media LLC. ESW Capital has purchased more than 100 small U.S. software companies with a strategy of moving. has 200 employees, and is in the process of hiring another 100. Founded Date 1988 Founders Joe Liemandt Operating Status Closed Investor Type Private Equity Firm Number of Exits 1 Contact Email firstname.lastname@example.org ESW Capital group specifically focuses on buying, transforming, and running mature business software companies. The idea was for managers to fragment white-collar work into small-scale tasksthe writing of specific code by a software engineer, a customer support agent solving a specific technical problem, or a targeted document analysis. Most people who start remote university are either dismissed or quit after the four weeks. Corporate strategy meetings were held across the street at the Old Pro, a Stanford bar, and were fueled by "a lot more beer than Jolt,"Liemandtremembers. "Luckily, I never missed a payment.". Last year, at the age of 28, he became the youngest self-made member of the Forbes400, a list of the wealthiest people in the country. The RideAustin launch team is led by Joe Liemandt, a longtime Austin tech entrepreneur, and Andy Tryba, CEO of Crossover. Newer companies are also less likely to sell . "Many people graduating from college today have been using computers since their early teens. Liemandt is a frequent speaker at Stanford and . "You spend a hundred grand to send your kid to school, and he wants to drop out to work for another kid." CoreSkills: By using technology and learning science - our students learn more in 2 hours/day than standard school kids do in 6 hours of class. That's sort of what happened with Joe in business.". Two years ago, he updated his business by spending $50,000 on a state-of-the-art personal computer that he loaded up with special features so that it can process the same amount of geological data as any mainframe owned by a major oil company. "He tells me, 'Don't be such a wuss, Joe.'". Harvard Business School Case 403-012 . About The Kindness With the pandemic, Liemandt figured it was time to supercharge his model. They can be demoted and are dismissed at any time, people familiar with Crossover say. Thats why you hire ppl from eastern countries, the money will override feelings, the text message said. But compared with the debilitating bust of the eighties, the nineties have been good times indeed. He says he'd rather get a few years of boundless entrepreneurial energy from his employees than get many years of mediocre performance. Acknowledge you arent good at it, please acknowledge you have to learn and practice. The idea was to drive up margins by cutting reinvestment and marketing, giving up on new customer acquisition, and getting rid of employees as well as the costs associated with them, people familiar with the operation say. "Outside of me slipping him $ 100 bills in the airport so he would eat," recalls DianeLiemandt, Joe's mother, "there was no [family] seed money." But a decade ago, Liemandt started pursuing a new business model around remote work. He wanted to start his own software company. Why was RideAustin formed? In 1996 Austin companies received $66 million in venture capital, a 62 percent increase over 1995. Liemandt likes to give each acquisition target company a score out of 100 based on their industry (25 points for software; 10 points for IT services); LinkedIn headcount growth (10 points for a greater than 15% quarterly decline; -20 points for greater than 30% annual growth); location (25 points for U.S.; 10 points for Canada and the U.K.), debt (five points if there is leverage) founding date (five points for seven-year-old companies; two points for four-year-old companies); and last fundraise (five points for two years). Quick to learn, Joe applied that lesson in his own business. It quickly became a star in a town that had few independent software companies. JoeLiemandttried to get Kleiner Perkins and other venture capital firms interested in Trilogy, but even in Silicon Valley the idea of backing a crew of 21-year-olds is a bit hard to swallow. Offices that were vacant for years are being leased once more; the biggest deal so far has been the move of global natural gas marketer NGC from far-ung offices on the Northwest Freeway to eleven oors of the 71-story First Interstate Plaza Downtown, which took 235,000 square feet of office space off the market. From earliest youth, Joe Liemandt was steeped in business lore. HP was in effect abandoning its own pursuit and giving the business to Trilogy. It's helpful that Highway 280 between San Francisco and San Jose is absolutely gorgeous. As he tells the story,Liemandt'sinitially calm demeanor changes. Share Your Experience Russias War On Ukraine: Daily News And Information From Ukraine, Bayern Munich Remain First But Must Switch Off Complacency Ahead Of PSG Fixture, More Ex-British Challenger 2 Tanks Are Bound For Ukraine As London Doubles Its Pledge, Grner Veltliner In California? El Paso, the worst hit of all the border cities in Texas, has lost 5,600 primarily low-skilled jobs to Mexico over the past three years; at the same time, companies that rely on maquiladorashave also created new engineering positions in El Paso, conveniently near their assembly plants in Ciudad Jurez. Joseph Sternberg. They have a divine nature and an eternal worth. See Joe Liemandt's compensation, career history, education, & memberships. Some are even given the title of vice president. We found seventeen companies that listed this address in corporate registration documents. Patricia Sharpe writes a regular restaurant column, Pats Pick, for Texas Monthly. Texas Department of Commerce analyst Branner Stewart adds, Boom almost has a negative connotation.. Posted: Oct 26, 2020 / 12:13 PM CDT. When he was 16,Liemandtspent the summer of 1984 as a programmer in UCCEL's research and development division, where he learned a lesson he would remember when he started his own company. All of those areas, he adds, have been automated and computerized for years. Working with responsible partners. Joseph Lau has sold a collection of 77 luxury handbagsthe majority of which were Hermes designs collected over many yearsthrough an online auction hosted by Sothebys, netting $3.2 million for the real estate billionaire, according to Bloomberg calculations. Fleeing for Your Life? After stripping his acquisitions to the bone, the staffing required to run them was turned over to Liemandts Crossover unit. A high-level executive vice president for Crossover based in Hungary, Czapovics had learned over five years at Crossover that he hated talking to the workers he oversaw and looked for worker candidates he could manage easily. Lexus-less,Liemandtcrammed into the Aspire for over a year. Liemandt's roots go back to Stanford University, where in 1989, he and four fellow students co-founded Trilogy, a business software company. Trilogy does not have the field to itself. Like a longtime bachelor who has just become a married man, Texas is more responsible but has lost a measure of independence. "Their parents hated me," chucklesLiemandt. Respecting the environment. John Lynch dropped out withLiemandt. Since its founding in 1963, Tokyo Electron US has grown to encompass many offices around the world that engineer, manufacture, sell, and service wafer-processing or semiconductor production equipment (SPE) as well as flat panel display (FPD) and thin-film silicon photovoltaic equipment (PVE). Anyhow,Liemandtsays, "Making 8 zillion dollars is not the win. ", Starting Trilogy was the easy part. $2.5 billion, according to our most recent tally. We Asked ChatGPT to Define a Taco. Should interest rates rise, causing a national slowdown, Texas will slow as well. Andra Liemandt is the founder and CEO of The Kindness . Shaady Ghadessy, W. Hotel; Energy, Cleantech & Environmental Services. Liemandts acquisition team then emails thought leadership content on a set schedule to the CEOs of target companies to create brand awareness before requesting introductory calls. After two games, Kevin Durant looks to be extremely comfortable in the Phoenix Suns' offense. The firm employs about 700 people. We have to accept that the slow and steady progress of the New Boom is probably better for us than the explosive growth of oil. Family, friend, or fan, this family history biography is for you to remember Joseph A. Liemandt. While other tech stars of the 90s became todays luminaries, Liemandt quietly pivoted from enterprise software prodigy to billionaire-behind-the-curtain, keeping a watchful eye out for struggling and stalled software companies in need of rescue. Through ESW (which stands for enterprise software), he controls dozens of such ventures, many of which are business-to-business, and reshapes them into revenue machines. Dallas still produces large numbers of computer chips, but the area has expanded into telecommunications, as opposed to software. The advent of fiber optics, the deregulation of the phone business, and the exponential rise of traffic on the Internet have combined to swell profits in this sector, and Dallas has not suffered the same sort of slowdown as Austin. Nick Liemandt Business Development Manager @ CaptivateIQ Minneapolis-St. Paul. Using the various personality characteristics discussed in this chapter, how would you describe Joe Liemandts that short sentence could well serve as a credit for today's aspiring entrepreneur. What would it do to the price I can quote him? Pronounced "OH-vick" (thx mom). Daniel Vaughn is the countrys first barbecue editor, and he has eaten more barbecue than you have. Its free. Former UFC Mens Bantamweight champion Cody Garbrandt celebrated a triumphant return to the Octagon on Saturday night. Bayern Munich is keeping pace with Borussia Dortmund at the top of the table ahead of the season-defining clash against Paris Saint-Germain on Wednesday. Then fall over. The ESW Capital was founded in 1988 by Joe Liemandt , which is an investment firm that purchases software companies. He didnt even make his money assembling computers. Ask Netscape if they'd give up nine months. He thinks it's good for morale. The success of Joe Liemandt, who spoke last night at Sever Hall, could easily fill that role as well. Much of this programming was trial-and-error, but by the time he quit schoolLiemandthad figured out how to handle thousands of if/them equations in a system that was easy enough to be used by the average salesperson. "You're a moron," growled his father, GregoryLiemandt, a highly successful businessman. Joe Liemandt is the founder of ESW Capital, an investment firm that purchases software companies. A bevy of smaller firms has sprung up alongside these large operations. Joseph Czapovics was blunt in the text message he sent on a system used by Crossover managers. Defense contracts with companies like General Dynamics had funneled billions annually into the Tarrant County economy (thanks to former House Speaker Jim Wright), and when the Pentagon budget was slashed, those dollars vanished. U.S.-based Crossover workers have bosses to whom they report and who set the direction of a workday, and must sometimes be available during specific hours. ___________________________________________________________. Giving back to the community. . Emblematic of the New Boom is 49-year-old Kenny Troutt, the founder of Excel Communications. If a CEO is responsive to the idea of selling their company to ESW, a second call is often conducted to set up non-disclosure agreements to get a sense of corporate financial health. The Software Report is pleased to announce its third annual list of the Top 100 Software Companies. Hes nowhere near as rich as he boasts, nor as poor as his critics claim. Thirdly, Joe Liemandt has an agreeable personality, where he is tolerant and cooperative versus cold or rude. "Come quote time, we'd have a conference room full of catalogs and price books," says DeBakker, explaining that Sequent customers sometimes received servers without room for the required disk drives, or without connecting cables, or with the wrong kind of preinstalled software. Updated: Nov 11, 2020 / 12:06 PM CST. "Young people are in a much better position to take risks, because they don't have families, mortgages and house payments to take care of. The Software Report is pleased to announce The Top 50 Women Leaders in SaaS of 2022. Many managers have a view that it is natural for an organization to get slower and less efficient as it gets bigger, Liemandt recently told his managers. Donald Trumps real net worth? During remote university, new employees must pass an additional proctored cognitive test. A few smaller competitors have sprung up, but the real threat now comes from larger outfits. He is convinced combining remote work and taskified work makes logical sense. Semi-scripted introductory calls that do take place are graded and anyone with low levels of success must attend a coaches corner, session to learn how they can improve. Based on Wall Street's valuations of publicly owned software companies with similar profiles, Trilogy could be worth $ 1 billion, given or take a couple hundred million, ifLiemandtwanted to cash out or raise capital which he doesn't. 2016: It grows to serve 50 schools. Next year for the first time economists are predicting high tech will contribute more to the states economy than oil. Liemandt is the founder of Trilogy Development Group, based in Austin, and he made his money designing software programs. Thanks to high tech, the Texas economy is surgingjust as it was in the early eighties. Some believed Liemandt also helped invent the bro culture that made tech hostile for women. In early 1991 Trilogy's programming was beginning to jell, butLiemandtreceived bad news. IN JANUARY 1990, 21-year-old JosephLiemandttelephoned his parents from Palo Alto, Calif. Joe, an economics major, was dropping out of Stanford University just a few months before graduation. With the global pandemic putting technologys necessity at the forefront of large businesses everywhere, Liemandts equity firm intends to acquire even more subsidiaries in 2021, assembling the toolkit those ventures need to succeed. Ten years or so before the pandemic, Liemandts ESW Capital had become one of the biggest corporate operations to fully embrace a remote staff. I dont ever want to do that. You never heard talk like that from Don Dixon, the real estate developer who ran Vernon Savings and Loan Association in the eighties. . Take advantage of that fact to reskill for the next decade.. A few months later, he appeared as the youngest self-made member of the 1996 issue of The Forbes 400, with a $500 million net worth. "My market window's closing!" Yet Texans feel a widespread aversion to the very word boom, which only conjures up thoughts of its corollarybust. A boom is such a thing as is apt to terminate and go backward, says Dallas developer Trammell Crow, who nearly lost his real estate empire to his bankers after the bottom fell out of the market in the late eighties. And its full of great reads, yall. Special plugs? "You need one or two programmers on a project at a time. "The market's way overpriced, absolutely," he says, agreeing that an IPO would probably value Trilogy somewhere around the $ 1 billion mark. It is powered by donations, with paid and volunteer hours from both the Austin tech community and the broader Austin community working together. Because of technoligical revolution and the bust-induced layoffs, most companies can now make money even if oil sells for $17 or $16 a barrel. The country's leadership set this year's economic growth target at around 5%, a target more modest than some had previously projected as policymakers take into account a wide range of difficulties besetting the worlds second-largest economy. If instead of designing your org around highly skilled and broadly unfocused people, you design your organization around specialized work units, the opposite happens. Matthew Hinsley, Austin Classical Guitar; Community Service & Non-profit. "It's a land grab,"Liemandtsays. . It also appears that increasingly Liemandt has been relying more on contract workers in the U.S.who look a lot like employees even though they are hired as contractors. Share Excel Dennis Cassell Overview Dennis Cassell has been associated with fourteen companies, according to public records. Updated: June 20, 2015. "It made me a hero," says DeBakker of Trilogy's software. All Rights Reserved. The worst thing that could happen is that Texans could forget the lessons of the bust and borrow too much money to finance visions of unending growth. Computers are what they were brought up with. What kind of avionics? I'd sit in the library going through lists of the top 50 software companies." All three politely declined to comment other than to confirm that they were submitting their signatures. "I focused my research," he says. But as it turned out, constraint-based programming wasn't capable of efficiently handling the large volumes of data required for a workable sales configuration model. It's Time to Go Back to School in Austin and Beyond. In effect, he's turning all his product catalogs into electronic files. Contribute. In 1983 GregLiemandtquit GE to run UCCEL in Dallas, a maker of software for mainframe computers, and Joe's course was set. The email's subject line read: "White. Does the customer need new connecting cables? Most jobs are poorly thought out and poorly designeda mishmash of skills and activities . His boss was an up-and-comer named Jack Welch. Reflects change since 5 pm ET of prior trading day. In 1989 37 percent of all manufacturing jobs in Fort Worth were tied to defense spending, but today that figure has been cut in half. In his classesLiemandtlearned there was another approach to the configuration problem. From 1990 to 1995 Texas led the nation in the creation of high-tech jobs, surpassing California to become the countrys leading producer of computer chips last year. founders and CEOs with consistently mediocre performance become fatigued over time, the playbook says. Less showy but more consequential is the success of the 8,300-acre Alliance Airport, a business terminal developed by Ross Perot, Jr., for corporate clients who dont want to bother with the hassle of DFW. At first it looked as though Fort Worth might be spared the fate of other Texas cities, but then the Berlin Wall came down. And You Thought Feral Hogs Were Bad. Buckle Up, Uber And Lyft: Ridesharing Just Went Non-Profit In Austin Cmkk: charity, Joe Liemandt, Lyft, RideAustin, ridesharing, TNCs, Uber 2016 / 05 / 23 Join Our Community of 250,000+ . Perhaps more typical of the New Boom, however, is the austerity of cybermogul Stephen S. Kahng. Joe Liemandt is Investment Professional at ESW Capital LLC. Spending by Mexican nationals is apparently up about thirty percent this year. For these reasons, the state should probably grow at the same pace or better this year compared with last. And recently the price of oil has stabilized at around $20twice what it was at the nadir of the collapse. is how Samer Dholakia, 22, a recent Stanford graduate, describes the attractions of working for Trilogy. Remote staffing is now ubiquitous, so Liemandt has decided to take his operation to the next level. Connections. Nine months out of their browser work, and Netscape isn't in business today. Personal Investments Number of Investments 2 Joe Liemandt has made 2 investments. This republished web version accompanies a 2018 profile of Joe Liemandt, who has returned to the ranks of the world's richest people with a new tech empire. It takes the sales agent days or weeks working with company engineers to make sure all the chosen pieces fit together, renegotiating the price at every step. CEO Joe Liemandt says, "At a software company, people are everything. I had moved to San Francisco from Austin, but Callidus was based in San Jose 50 miles away. ", Liemandtsays old family friend Jack Welch encouraged him to pull out the growth stops, whenLiemandtand his mother recently visited Welch for a weekend in Connecticut. Call(s) should be primarily focused on reinforcing the ongoing theme that selling to Trilogy is the right business decision, instructs the playbook. One month after Franke came aboard, Hewlett-Packard signed its first contract with Trilogy; a $ 3.5 million deal for sales-configuration software and support services. No go. "The product," he says, "had to be something my dad or Jack Welch would buy." No fancy architecture here: When the company ran out of space, he leased a building that had previously held a Wal-Mart. Jos R. Ralat is Texas Monthlys taco editor, writing about tacos and Mexican food. Joe's age is 54. Christina Jones traded her Trilogy holding for a chunk of a Trilogy subisidary that she hopes soon to take public. Lonny Stern, Skillpoint Alliance; Culinary Arts & Hospitality. But as the oil industry has become more efficient, it has also come to play a less significant role, as was starkly apparent when the chip slump and the Mexican peso devaluation of 1994 combined to slow the states growth. The north side of Fort Worth is thriving, but inside Loop 820, unemployment runs twice the citywide average and neighborhoods are lined with boarded-up stores. In 1989, Trilogy was founded by Stanford dropouts in Silicon Valley, where it quickly developed a reputation for building cool software and hiring the most talented people from all over the world. Trilogy's managers know the rapid growth they seek depends on having a staff of the best people they can find, quickly trained and given broad responsibility and freedom as soon as possible. Joseph Liemandt was married to Andra (Roth) Liemandt on July 9, 2005 in Travis County, Texas. of a feeling that you're in a race, and school is something that's in the way. The private equity firm funded solely with Liemandts estimated $3 billion fortune, started buying some 80 mostly U.S.-based software companies and systematically replacing hundreds of workers with contractors from 131 countries ranging from India to Ukraine, typically paid hourly to work from home. Diploma in hand, Stratton left Trilogy and was replaced in the lineup by Thomas Carter in 1990. Crossovers worker unit approach and regionally high wage, can seem like a good deal to many foreign software engineers, but according to former employees, they may soon find that it is a career dead-end. With the nod from HP, other big customers began ordering from Trilogy Boeing, Silicon Graphics, Alcatel and scores of other high-technology and telecommunications firms. He would combine the two programming approaches then being experimented with. the team wants to weed out companies that may have insurmountable issues.. Motorola has become the citys largest private employer, and the factories have attracted more than 150 equipment suppliers to the area as well. But recently he has entered the spotlight as an advocate for Prop 1, and now he is behind the launch of new Austin-only, nonprofit ride-sharing service called RideAustin. Just click the Let's Talk button on our website or send us a text at 512-856-1539. mount pellon primary academy staff list. The new economy is less susceptible to collapse resulting from catastrophic events affecting one commodity like oil. CaptivateIQ, +9 . Given the new normal for office workers around the world, Liemandt has strong ideas about what is coming next. Would that work with the customer's IBM server? For ten straight years the state has experienced steady economic expansion. Joe Liemandt Austin, Texas, United States 3K followers 500+ connections Join to connect Activity CloudFix creator Rahul Subramaniam and I both believe that the public cloud is the operating. Last summers dip in orders for chips caused a sharp contraction in the semiconductor business, and nearly all chip manufacturers were forced to put expansions on hold; some, such as Motorola, even imposed layoffs. For owners of mature software companies, Liemandts ESW provided a lucrative and quick cash-out exit strategy. The devaluation of the peso was felt profoundly here: Before their economy went into free-fall, Mexican nationals spent an estimated $2.8 billion a year in border cities like McAllen, Laredo, and Brownsville, but in 1995 spending dropped to $2.07 billion, and last year it slipped further still to $1.87 billion. . Not every region has benefited equallythousands of jobs have been lost along the border and in the oil patchand in the past two years the pace of growth has slowed down somewhat, but the length of the expansion is still exceptional. What your personality was like as a child or teenager. The company's filing status is listed as In Existence and its File Number is 0801691258. The something, as it turned out, was sales-configuration software. Boeing is counting on Trilogy's software to help it cut costs. he searches for the right word ". Joseph Liemandt.